What are the effects?
Teens tend to have less self-control compare to adults. They did not have the mature ability to consider long term consequences yet and thus, they are prone to getting immediate rewards. Continued with the above example, teens get immediate excitement and feel the rush in adrenaline during gaming. As a result, they would spend more time in the activity. Besides, they would spend their allowances/lend money/request from parents to upgrade their game characters. If the gaming time is not restricted, their behaviours can affect their mental and physical health (eg. feeling tired and eyesight affected); academics (eg. lower grades); and overspending. In the other hand, adults know how to limit their gaming time (eg. during working breaks, free time) and know how to control their game expenses (eg. budget for games).
Teens are said to always having the “emotional roller coaster”. They can be happy in the last minute and then feeling sad in the next minute. This is because the teen’s brain develops more with teens having different kind of experiences, which emotions would be intensified in this process. Thus, a teen’s mood tends to shift from one to another in a short period of time.
However, researches showed that teens are having difficulty to “put oneself in people’s shoes”. They consider things from the point of themselves, which is often viewed as “self-centred”. Besides, they are less good at understanding other’s emotions comparing to adults. When teens were presented with frightened faces, they recognized the emotions as angry or sad rather than being anxious and fearful.
As a result, miscommunication and misunderstanding may happen easily, with the “emotional roller coaster” going on and they misread people’s emotions and think from their own shoes. For instance, parents are worried why teens came back home at the late hour. They asked the teens “Why are you so late to be back?” when teens arrived home. Teens misread parents’ emotions as angry instead of worry and thought that 11 pm is common for a teen to arrive home. Quickly, their emotions shifted: from happy and exciting when hanging out to angry and frustrated when back home. This may lead to them starting to quarrel with parents or refuse to interact with them.